1. Home
  2. /
  3. Our Services
  4. /
  5. Travel Clinics
  6. /
  7. Meningitis Vaccination


Meningitis Vaccination

Meningitis can be extremely dangerous, with the potential to cause death within hours if not promptly treated. Bacterial meningitis is particularly serious and can lead to death in as little as a few hours, with some people dying within days without prompt antibiotic treatment. It can also result in permanent disabilities such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities for those who survive.

Prompt medical attention is crucial for anyone showing signs or symptoms of meningitis, as delayed treatment increases the risk of permanent brain damage. While most people with bacterial meningitis recover with prompt treatment, some may still experience complications such as paralysis, stroke, or even death. Therefore, it is important to seek immediate medical care if meningitis is suspected.

With timely treatment, even individuals with severe meningitis can experience a positive recovery. However, meningitis can be fatal and some people with this infection will die.

It’s also important to talk to your health care provider if you’ve been exposed to someone with meningitis. That may include a family member or someone you live or work with. You may need to take medicines to prevent getting an infection.


Meningitis complications can be severe. The longer you or your child has the disease without treatment, the greater the risk of seizures and permanent neurological damage, including:

  • Brain damage.
  • Trouble walking.
  • Seizures.
  • Hearing loss.
  • Memory problems.
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Shock.
  • Death.


Early meningitis symptoms may be similar to the flu. Symptoms may develop over several hours to a few days. Symptoms include:

  • Sudden high fever.
  • Stiff neck.
  • Sleepiness or trouble waking.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Severe headache.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Confusion or trouble concentrating.
  • Seizures.
  • No appetite or thirst.
  • Skin rash in some cases, such as in meningococcal meningitis.

Newborns and infants Symptoms

  • High fever.
  • Not waking to eat.
  • Poor feeding.
  • Vomiting.
  • Constant crying.
  • Stiffness in the body and neck.
  • Infants suffering from meningitis may be difficult to soothe and might even exhibit increased distress when being held.
  • Being very sleepy or irritable.
  • Trouble waking from sleep.
  • Being inactive or sluggish.
  • A bulge in the soft spot on top of the baby’s head.

When to see a doctor

Seek immediate medical care if you or someone has the following meningitis symptoms, such as:

  • Severe constant headache that is not going away.
  • Confusion.
  • Vomiting.
  • Fever.
  • Stiff neck.

Bacterial meningitis is serious and can cause death within days without prompt antibiotic treatment. Delayed treatment also increases the risk of permanent brain damage.

It’s also important to talk to your health care provider if you’ve been exposed to someone with meningitis. That may include a family member or someone you live or work with. You may need to take medicines to prevent getting an infection.

Meningitis FAQs

The main cause of meningitis is typically an infection, with viral infections being the most common cause, followed by bacterial infections, and, more rarely, fungal and parasitic infections. Bacterial causes include species such as Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and group B streptococcus. Other less common causes can include injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and autoimmune disorders

Most people who contract meningitis can recover, but around a third of those who survive may experience after-effects. For viral meningitis, most individuals will recover fully within one to four weeks, but some may have reduced quality of life for at least a year after the illness. Bacterial meningitis recovery can take weeks to months, and some individuals may experience long-term complications despite treatment. It’s important to note that the recovery period and potential after-effects can vary from person to person.

The survival rate of meningitis depends on various factors, including the type of infection and the timeliness of medical intervention. Bacterial meningitis, for instance, can be particularly serious, with around 1 in 6 people who contract this type of meningitis dying from it and 1 in 5 experiencing severe complications. The fatality rate for bacterial meningitis is about 15-20%, with a higher death rate associated with increasing age. On the other hand, viral meningitis is generally associated with a very good prognosis, and most people make a full recovery from it. The odds of surviving meningitis are strongly related to the type of meningitis a person has and the availability of prompt medical care. It is vital that anyone experiencing symptoms of meningitis seeks immediate medical attention to improve the chances of survival and recovery. 

Meningitis can be spread through various means, depending on the type of infection. Bacterial meningitis, for example, can spread from person to person through droplets from the nose and mouth, such as by coughing, sneezing, or intimate kissing. Additionally, the bacteria can be carried in the throat and may overwhelm the body’s defenses, leading to illness. Close and prolonged contact, like living in close quarters with an infected person, can facilitate the spread of the disease. Viral meningitis, on the other hand, can be spread through close contact with an infected person, as well as through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing items like toothbrushes or eating utensils. It’s important to practice good hand hygiene, avoid sharing personal items, and seek vaccination to help prevent the spread of meningitis.

The duration of meningitis without being aware of the infection can vary depending on the type. For viral meningitis, symptoms are typically mild and may improve within a few days, with most people recovering fully after one to four weeks. On the other hand, bacterial meningitis has a sudden onset, and symptoms can progress rapidly, leading to serious health complications or even death within a matter of hours if left untreated. Therefore, if there is a suspicion of meningitis, immediate medical attention is crucial to prevent serious consequences.

Fever, headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, nausea or vomiting, lack of energy or drowsiness, irritability, poor appetite. In infants, symptoms can include being hard to comfort, feeding poorly, and being sleepy or hard to wake up. If meningitis is suspected, immediate medical attention is crucial to prevent serious consequences. 

If you have an upcoming appointment, please fill out the Pre-Appointment form at least 48 hours before the appointment.  

Mint Health + Drugs Allendale

#100, 6720 104 Street NW Edmonton, AB

(780) 761-3011


Mint Health + Drugs Meridian 

Suite 2, 4402 37 Street, Stony Plain, AB

(780) 963-9792


Mint Health + Drugs Sherwood

#109, 65 Chippewa Road, Sherwood Park, AB

(780) 467-9839


Mint Health + Drugs Blue Bottle

148 17 Ave NE, Calgary, AB T2E 1L6

(403) 276-3364


Mint Health + Drugs Langdon 

#107, 355 Centre Street, Langdon, AB

(403) 936-0448


Mint Health + Drugs Crystal Ridge

Unit 5, 55 Wheatland Trail, Strathmore, AB

(403) 901-2244

Mint Health + Drugs Sterling

Suite 106, 11601 101 Avenue, Grande Prairie, AB

(587) 299-9555

Travel Clinic Locations

If you have an upcoming appointment, please fill out the Pre-Appointment form at least 48 hours before the appointment.

Expert Health Resource


What You Should Know Before You Travel


Traveling can be one of the most fulfilling things in life, but many people don’t recognize the dangers of it.  Whether you’re traveling for leisure or traveling for business, travelling to almost any part of the world carries its own health risks. That’s why it’s so important to seek professional advice from a healthcare professional. […]

frequently asked

frequently asked


find your closest

find your closest